What does ‘close’ mean?

The word ‘close‘ can mean many different things. As a verb, the meaning is to bring to an end and cover an opening.​​​​

For example:

  • The ticket office closes at 6 pm. (bring to an end)
  • Please close the window, it’s freezing. (cover an opening)


Close is a regular verb. The past tense and past participle is closed.


FUN FACT – Close is a homograph. This means there is another word in English with a different meaning that is spelt the same as it (tricky, huh?). The verb ‘to close’ is pronounced with a voiced ‘s’.

phrasal verbs with close

Phrasal verbs with ‘close’ include:

  • close down
    meaning – a shop or business permanently shuts
    example – If we don’t make £2000 this month, we’ll have to close down.
  • close in
    meaning – surround or get closer to something
    example – The police are closing in on the killer, he will be behind bars very soon.
  • close off
    meaning – shut something so people can’t enter
    example – We have to get off the beach, they are closing it off because of the shark attack.
  • close up
    meaning – shut at the end of a time frame or join together
    example – He closed up the folder and submitted it to the teacher.

picture examples

phrasal verbs with close

Let’s learn the meaning of the phrasal verbs that contain the verb ‘close’ in more detail and see some examples in use.

phrasal verbs with close - close down
phrasal verbs with close - close in
phrasal verbs with close - close off
phrasal verbs with close - close up

You can download a table of phrasal verbs with close below.

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