A pronoun is a word or phrase which replaces a noun in a sentence. Pronouns can do everything a noun can do. They are extremely common and help make speech flow.


​There are many different types (there are even pronouns for people!) which you can learn about further down the page. First, I’ll give you a quick explanation  and an example to start you off. Then we’ll head into more difficult territory.

pronoun meaning
pronoun meaning

common pronouns

As you can see, if pronouns didn’t exist, we would have to constantly repeat nouns. This interrupts the flow of the writing or speech and makes it sound less interesting. Can you imagine reading horror a book and the suspense is constantly interrupted by the characters names? It wouldn’t be very scary, would it?


Some pronouns are used constantly, some not so often. Here’s a table of the most common pronouns we use. I’ve included the name and the person it is used in.


The pronouns look very similar, don’t they? It’s important for you to learn them and be able to distinguish between them. This will greatly improve your speaking accuracy.

pronouns joke
chart of common pronouns

types of pronouns

Are you wondering what are the different pronouns? Click the headings below to find out.

top tips for pronouns

Once you’ve learnt about the different types of pronouns, have a look at my top tips to help you become a pronoun pro.

learn pronouns - When the noun being replaced is the subject of the sentence. We use a subject pronoun.
learn pronouns - Subject pronouns are used to rename the subject.
learn pronouns - Object pronouns come after a verb or a preposition.
learn pronouns - ‘It’ refers to objects, animals, ideas, the time, weather, or temperature (not people).
learn pronouns - You should never use an apostrophe with the following possessive pronouns:his, hers, its, yours, ours, or theirs.
learn pronouns - We only usually use ‘its’ and ‘one’s’ as a possessive pronoun when used with the word ‘own’.
learn pronouns - If a pronoun ends in self/selves. It’s a reflexive or intensive pronoun.
learn pronouns - Reflexive pronouns refer back to the subject. Intensive pronouns emphasise the subject.
learn pronouns - The following indefinite pronouns follow the third person singular rule (the extra ‘s’ or the irregular verb): anybody/one/thing, everybody/one/thing, nobody/one/thing, somebody/one/thing
learn pronouns - That, which, and who are singular or plural depending on the subject.
learn pronouns - Using nothing, nowhere, nobody, or no one is a lot stronger than using a negative + the positive.
learn pronouns - ‘Anybody’ requires the auxiliary ʹdoʹ to become a question. When you add the auxiliary, you must use the infinitive verb.
learn pronouns - When used with the auxiliary ‘to be’, the indefinite pronoun ‘anyone’ requires the continuous verb form.
learn pronouns - When used with the auxiliary ‘have’, the indefinite pronoun ‘anyone’ requires the participle verb form.
learn pronouns - We don’t use double negatives in English.