Flowers, plants and trees are living organisms that grow from the ground and make our planet beautiful. There are many idioms and phrases which come from these organisms, let’s take a look at them.
Hay is grass, or some other green vegetation that has been cut and dried. It is used to feed animals especially during winter when nothing grows.
A leaf is the flat green part of a tree or plant, they help make food for the plant. The plural is leaves, just like the 3rd person form of the verb ‘to leave’.
Fun fact – Words that are pronounced the same but have different meanings are called homonyms.
A pasture is land that is covered in grass or other types of plants that animals can eat. The farmers put their animals into the pasture to graze (eat).
A plant is a living thing that grows in the ground. They are usually green and can have stems, leaves, fruits, and flowers. Plant is a noun but also a verb. As a verb it means to put seeds or an existing plant into the soil to grow. You plant a plant – easy to remember and it’s a regular verb.
There is a good 80s musical about a man-eating plant, It’s called Little Shop of Horrors. Watching films are great for learning English and you can sing along with this one too.
The roots of a plant are the branch like structures which are typically underground. Their job is to suck up water and provide support.
A rose is a pretty flower that can be various colours and comes from a bush. The stem has thorns on it.
Did you know…the red rose is the emblem of England.
A seed is a small oval object. By planting the seed, you can grow more plants and trees.
Think of it like the ‘egg’ of the plant.
Straw is dried stalks of grain. It’s usually used as bedding for animals and sometimes food. Straw can also be used in building foe cobbing and roofs.
Fun fact – A straw is the thing we put into our drinks to suck the liquid up through. The pronunciation is the same, but we use the indefinite article.
A tree is a big plant with a wooden trunk and branches. It can have leaves, flowers, and fruits. There are many different types of trees in the world.
Wood is the tough material that makes up the trunk and branches of trees. Wood has many uses such as building and as a fuel.